Graha or Planetary Characteristics in Astrology
Satwik Planets – Sun, Moon and Jupiter. These planets give good behavioural tendencies.
Rajasik Planets – Mercury and Venus. These planets give greedy nature.
Tamasik Planets – Mars, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu. These planets give malefic nature.
Gender of Planets – Sun, Mars and Jupiter are Masculine planets. Moon, Venus and Rahu are feminine planets. Saturn, Mercury and Ketu are eunuch planets.
Planetary World: Sun and Mars represent the animal world. Moon and Venus represent Pitru loka . Saturn and Mercury represent Nara loka or the Human world. Jupiter represents Deva loka or world of angels.
Planetary Trees: Sun represents a tree called Parvatha; Moon represents coconut tree; Mars represents Toor Dhal plant. Mercury and Jupiter represent Banana and aquatic plants; Venus represents flower and fruit trees; Saturn, Rahu and Ketu represent trees yielding poisonous seeds.
Planetary Vegetables: Sun represents Chillies and Radish. Moon represents icy and watery vegetables. Mars represents groundnuts and fatty vegetables. Mercury represents Beetroot and Brinjal. Saturn represents gingelly seeds. Rahu and Ketu represent snake gourd.
Planetary Flowers: Sun represents Red Lotus; Moon represents White lotus; Mars represents Nerium oleander; Mercury for rose coloured flowers; Jupiter represents Champaka, Venus for Jasmine; Saturn represents blue lotus; Rahu represents black datura and Ketu represents the multi coloured flower.
Planetary Nadis: Mars and Jupiter represent Surya nadi called as Ida. Mercury and Venus represent Chandra nadi called as Pingala. Sun, Moon, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu represent Sushumna nadi.
Dhatu (Metal), Moola (Root) and Jeeva (Life) Planets: Jupiter and Mercury represent a connection with Jeeva which means life connected. Moon, Mars, Saturn and Rahu represent a connection with Dhatu or metals. Sun and Moon represent Roots (herbal or root connections).
Planetary Metals: Sun represents Gold, Moon – Silver, mars – Copper, Mercury – Bronze, Jupiter – Gold, Venus – Diamond, Saturn – Iron, Rahu – Lead and Ketu – alloys.
Planetary Avataras or Incarnations: Sun represents Ramavatara, Moon represents Krishnavatara, Mars represents Narasimhavatara, Mercury represents Bouddhavatara, Jupiter represents Vamanavatara, Venus represents Parashuramavatara, Saturn represents Koormavatara, Rahu for Varahavatara and Ketu represents Matsyavatara.
Planetary indication of Offsprings: Sun, Jupiter and Rahu indicate many sons; Moon and Venus indicate many daughters; Mars, Mercury, Saturn and Ketu indicate giving children for adoption.
Sthriyoga from Planets: Sun indicate enjoyment with family ladies, Moon, Jupiter and Venus indicate enjoyment with wife/husband, Mars indicate enjoyment with ugly, Mercury indicates enjoyment with artists and artisans, Saturn indicates enjoyment with old ladies or sanyasis or sick person. Rahu indicates enjoyment with widow or divorcee.
Planetary indication of Houses: Sun indicates thatched house by using coconut leaves. Moon and Venus indicate storied house. Mars and Ketu indicate mud or brick house. Mercury indicates artistic and beautiful house. Jupiter indicates wooden house. Saturn and Rahu indicate stone house.
Planetary Gems: Sun – Ruby, Moon – Pearl, Mars – Coral, Mercury – Emerald, Jupiter – Pushparaga or Yellow Sapphire; Venus – Diamond; Saturn – Neela or Blue Sapphire; Rahu – Gomedha or Hessonite and Ketu – Cats eye or Vaidurya.
Planetary Cloths: Sun represents dirty clothes; Moon represents new clothes; Mars with burnt clothes; Mercury for wet cloth; Jupiter represents a little old cloth; Venus for strong cloth; Saturn for torn clothes; Rahu for very dirty linen and Ketu represents multicoloured clothes.
Pancha Bhootas or five humours of Planets: Sun and Mars represent Agni tatwa or fiery element. Mercury represents Prithvi tatwa or earthy element. Saturn represents Vayu tatwa airy element and Moon and Venus represent Jala tatwa or watery element. Jupiter represents Akasha tatwa or sky element.
Jala and Nirjala (Watery and Non-watery planets): Moon and Venus represent Jala or watery planets. Sun, Mars and Saturn represent Nirjala or non-watery planets. Rahu is said to be a powerful watery planet, but if he is placed in nirjala washi he will become nirjala or non-watery planet.
Planetary Castes: Sun and Mars represent Kshatriya; Moon and Mercury represent Vaishya; Jupiter and Venus represent Brahmana and Saturn represent Shudra.
Planetary Colours: Sun and Mars represent the colour Red; Moon – White; Mercury – Green; Jupiter – Yellow and Gold colours; Venus – Milky White; Rahu – Ash and blackish colour and Ketu – multi colours.
Vedadhipathis of Planets: Jupiter rules over Rigveda; Venus rules over Yajurveda; Mars rules over Saama Veda and Mercury rules over Atharvana Veda.
Planetary Directions: Sun rules over East direction; Moon rules over North West; Mars – South; Mercury – North; Jupiter – North East; Venus – South East Rahu – South West.
Planetary Tastes: Sun denotes Pungent taste; Moon denotes salty taste; Mars denotes bitter taste; Mercury denotes mixed taste; Jupiter denotes sweet taste; Venus denotes combined taste of sweet and sour; Saturn denotes light bitter taste.
Planetary Dhatus: Sun denotes Bones; Moon – Blood; Mars – Bone marrow; Mercury – skin; Jupiter – fat; Venus – Semen and Saturn – tissues and flesh.
Planetary Gains: Sun represents Wheat; Moon represents Paddy; Mars signifies Toor dal; Mercury denotes Green gram; Jupiter signify Bengal Gram; Venus represent Rice; Saturn – Sesame; Rahu – Black Gram and Ketu – Horse Gram.
Planetary Strength: Sun and Jupiter are strong during the day; Moon, Mars and Saturn are strong in the night; Mercury is strong both day and night.
Planetary Body Parts: Sun – Head; Moon – Heart, Mars – Chest; Mercury – Lower abdomen; Venus – Sexual organs; Saturn – Thighs; Rahu and Ketu – Legs.
Age represented by Planets: Mars represent up to 15 years, Venus represent age from 16 years, Jupiter represents 30 years, Mercury represents youthfulness from 16 to 30 years, Sun represents 50 years, Moon represents 70 years, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu represent 100 years.
Places represented by Planets: Sun – Temple, Moon – Watery places, Mars – Fiery places, Mercury – Sports ground, Jupiter – Treasury and store room, Venus – Watery places and bedroom, Saturn – Dirty places, Rahu – Ant hill areas and Ketu – Burial ground.
Graha Neethi (Handling methods by planets):
Saama Neethi – Jupiter and Venus represent Saama neeti. They try to solve the problems by healthy counselling and good guidance.
Bheda Neethi – Mercury, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu belongs to Bheda neeti. They try to keep away by neglecting and show partiality to others so that the person realises the mistakes by behaviour.
Danda Neethi – Sun and Mars represents Danda Neeti. They try to resolve the issue with punishment with violence.