What is Parivartana Yoga
The meaning of Parivartana is ‘Exchange’. A Parivartana yoga happens when two planets mutually exchange their houses. It is like a planet ‘A’ is sitting in the house of planet ‘B’ and vice versa. When two planets exchange their houses, they behave as if they are sitting in their own houses. Generally both will try to enhance the significations of the house they are sitting. A planet posited in its own house is very strong in giving results to the native. In Parivartana yoga, both the planets will behave in similar fashion. When the planets exchange their houses, they are linked together like mutual aspect.
All Parivartana yogas in a horoscope are not necessarily positive always. As the horoscope involves both benefic and malefic houses, Parivartana yoga will also be modified based on the house placement of the planets. The Parivartana yogas are benefic if the exchange involves the lords of benefic houses.It will be adverse, if the exchange is involving with the adverse houses.So it will be crucial to determine the house lordships in assessing the yoga. There can be total of 66 pairs of parivartana yogas possible which can be categorized into 3 variants.
Mantreswara in Phaladeepika categorizes the parivartana yogas in three ways depending upon the involvement of house lords.They are: 1. Maha yogas or Maha Parivartana Yoga 2. Dainya Yogas and 3. Khala Yogas. He says:
भावादिश्वरयो: क्रमेण कथिता: षट्षष्टियोगा जनै: ।
स्त्वष्टौ शौर्यपते: खला निगदिता शेषा महाख्या स्मृता ॥
1) Maha Yogas: These are excellent combinations to have in a chart. In this type of yoga, both the houses involved are auspicious houses. Both the planets in this yoga will complement each other and enhance the significations of the house.
Maha Yoga forms when the lords of 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 9th, 10th and 11th houses mutually exchange with each other. The houses involved are trikona or trine (1st, 5th and 9th) houses, Kendra houses (1st, 4th, 7th and 10th houses) and two auspicious houses related to wealth (2nd and 11th houses). There can be total of 28 combinations possible in Maha yoga.
Maha yoga produces fantastic results to the native. If the planets involved are natural benefics, then the result will be more powerful and helps in complete accomplishment of the goals for the native. If malefic planets are involved with this yoga, then also good results are produced but not to the extent of benefic planets.
The person with Maha yoga will achieve wealth and prosperity, is very fortunate, will achieve his goals, all the significations of the respective house will be fulfilled.
2) Dainya Yogas: These are not a good combinations to have in a chart. Dainya yoga results in the involvement of dusthana houses (or evil houses). Dusthana houses in vedic astrology are 6th, 8th and 12th houses. When lords of dusthana houses exchange their houses with 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th houses and also with other dusthana lords, then Dainya yoga is formed. These lords may spoil the house significations.
There can be 30 different combinations possible in Dainya yogas. The results can be attributed based on the position and strength of the planets. Again we can differentiate two types of Dainya yoga. One, when dusthana (Trika) house lords are exchanging with non-dusthana houses and other, dusthana house lords exchanging with other dusthana lords The later will be termed as Vipareeta Raja yoga. The results of the Vipareeta raja yoga are somewhat different. Vipareeta rajayoga produces good results with initial struggle or the native will gain at the expense of others.
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The person both with Dainya yoga will face lot of struggles in life, they will have wicked nature, they lack intelligence, enemies will harm them or others will use them for their own interest, will have unsteady mind which leads to trouble, will indulge in sinful activities.
3) Khala Yogas: Khala yoga can be placed between Maha yoga and Dainya yoga as regards to the results. Khala yoga is formed with the involvement of third house. Third house is termed as mild malefic house. It is not as bad as dusthana houses 6th, 8th and 12th houses. So when exchange takes place between 3rd house lord and other houses lords except dusthana house lords, Khala yoga is produced. Therefore 3rd house exchanges with 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 9th, 10th or 11th lords. There can be 8 different combinations possible in Khala yogas. .
The person with Khala yoga will be fickle minded, there can be lot of fluctuations in any ventures, he will have to struggle a lot. This yoga is not completely negative. The yoga produces both good and bad results. As the 3rd house denotes hard work and self effort, if the native works hard towards goal, he tends to get rewarded. If there is an aspect of benefic planet, it will produce excellent results.
This is another kind of Parivartana in Vedic astrology. When a planet is placed in certain nakshatra (or star or constellation), the planet will get influenced by the nakshatra and the lord. When two planets exchange their lordship of the nakshatras, Nakshatra parivartan occurs. For example, Sun is placed in Gemini sign in Punarvasu Nakshatra. Jupiter is the lord for Punarvasu nakshatra. Whereas Jupiter is sitting in Virgo (Kanya) in Uttara Phalguni nakshatra whose lord is Sun. Here there is no connection between Sun and Jupiter in other ways. Both the planets will have positive impact on the native. It is said that Nakshatras represents our subconscious mind and will reveal our fruits of past karma as well.
The effects will be more visible on subconscious level. Since dasa is calculated based on nakshatra position of the Moon, the effects will be more visible during dasa and antardasa periods of respective planets. The result will depend on the characteristics of the Nakshatra as well.