Moon in Vedic Astrology (Chandra in Jyotish)
The Moon or Chandra in Vedic Astrology
The Moon is considered as very important planet in Vedic astrology and is called as luminary. It is stated in Purusha sukta as ‘Chandrama Manaso Jathaha’ which means Moon signifies mind as Moon was born from the cosmic man.or Kala Purusha. Moon signify our emotional and mental side. The Moon is associated with feminine energy. It signifies personal needs, emotions, sensitivity. It reflects our deepest feelings and also memory of the past..
In the natural zodiac, the Moon owns 4th house of Cancer, so naturally it signifies mother, emotions, nourishment at home. It is considered as queen in astrology and represents feminine aspect of human life. Moon also signifies mother’s milk. The fourth house is said to rule woman’s breasts and the Moon signifies milk which is very important for the growth and nourishment of the child.
Another unique feature about the Moon is its two states. They are waxing (bright half or Shukla paksha) and waning (dark half or Krishna paksha). Waxing Moon is about growth, expansion, proactive, progress etc. It is auspicious, strong, benefic for the native and also good time to perform auspicious functions. Waning moon is about contraction, withdrawing, reactive etc. It is said to be inauspicious time.
Moon has taken a pride of the most important planet in prediction over other planets by the following facts:
1. The Vimshottari dasha is tabulated based on the position of the Moon in various Nakshatras. The nakshatra in which Moon is posited will become birth star of the native.
2. Any rituals or functions are performed based on the birth star of the native. Also basic marriage compatibility between the couples is done through moon. And certain areas of electional astrology (Muhurta) will be seen from the Moon.
3. The analysis of the transit of planets or Gochara is considered from the the position of birth Moon of the native.
The Moon is the king of 27 stars and is called as ‘Udupathi’ which means that he is the husband of of the stars, which are spread over 12 zodiac signs. Moon signifies ‘Agna Chakra’. Agna chakra controls entire body. If it does not function properly, then the entire body fails to function in orderly manner. Moon behaves as a friend of the body and personifies the entire mental activity of the physical body.
Moon in Astronomy
Moon is the Earth’s only satellite. It has diurnal motion from east to west like other heavenly bodies due to rotation of the Earth on its axis. It moves along the fixed stars making a complete sidereal revolution in about 27 days 7 hours and 43 minutes. The synodic month of the Moon is the period from on amavasya to another amavasya and it is 29.53 mean solar days. The distance from the Earth at perigee is about 221,500 miles while at apogee at about 252,700 miles and its mean distance is about 238,000 miles. Moon’s apparent diameter varies between 29’22’’ and 33’31’’ and the mean diameter is nearly 311/2’. The moon is having a synchronous rotation with Earth and it keeps the same face towards Earth.
Moon in Mythology
Moon is called as Chandra in mythology. He is said to have been born in yaamuna desha on Nandana samvatsara, Kartika shukla paksha, Poornima day on Krittika star in Atreya gotra. Chandra is a hindu deity also known as Soma. Soma means juice or sap for plants. That is the reason why Chandra is called as lord of plants or vegetation. He is also considered as fertility god. Chandra is said to be young, fair, holding club and a lotus riding on a chariot across the sky in ten white horses.and moves around at night. Chandra is married to 27 constellations or Nakshatras, daughters of Daksha Prajapati. Among 27 wives, Rohini was the most favourite for him. He was also seen with wife of Guru, Tara. Budha is the son of the Chandra and Tara.
In Greek mythology, Selene is represented as the goddess of the Moon. She was depicted as women riding on a horse or in a chariot drawn by a pair of winged seeds.
Moon signifies Female, satwik, northwest, phlegm, windy, varsha rutu, pearl, bell metal, rice, 70 years, parvati, water, blood, queen, bathroom, travel, salt, rivers, rain, herbs, fruits, agriculture, It represents tidal waves, traveling abroad, help from women, milk and agro products
The Moon owns Cancer or Kataka sign in the zodiac. Moola trikona is Taurus (Vrishabha), exalted in Taurus and debilitated in Scorpio (Vrishchika), dasha period is 10 years. Sun and Mercury are friends and all others are neutral. It rules over the nakshatras Rohini, Hasta and Shravana.
He is posited in south east in Graha mandala or planetary system, rules over rice, white cloth, pearls, the weapon is mace, the mandala is square shaped, Sakthi devata is Amruta, Adhidevatha is Aapa, Pratyadhi devatha is Gauri, Abhimana devata is Durga, number of japas to be performed is 11000, number of homas 1100, number of tarpana is 110, the sacred wood is Palasha or Muttuga, the idol material is Sphatika, the flower used is white lotus, the fire is Pingalagni, Number of days to perform the Pooja for graha shanti is 11 days. The puja can be commenced on Monday in Chitra star. ‘Om Chandraya Namaha’ is the nama japa to be recited for graha shanti. Conch is to be given as gift.
Some of the significations mentioned in Uttara Kalamrita are as under:
1. Mother 2. Mind 3. Liquids 4. Abilities 5. Intelligence 6. Flowers 7. Heart 8. Women 9. Happiness 10. Silver 11. Pearl 12. Wells 13. Tanks 14. Consumption 15. White 16. Salt 17. Nourishment 18. Beauty 19. Clothes
Body parts ruled by Moon – Breast, womb, saliva, blood, lymphatic, glandular systems
Disease caused by Moon – Drowsiness, lung disease, diarrhoea, lunacy, phlegm, jaundice, cholera, water disease, blood impurity, TB, menstrual problems, breast disease, measles, psychosomatic syndromes..