Application of Nakshatra in Muhurta
Nakshatras are huge electromagnetic bodies much larger than the Sun. If Sun represents soul then stars can be represented as a super soul. It is stated in Sanskrit that, “Na Ksharathi Na Gacchathiti Nakshatram”, which means nakshatra is a body which does not move. It is the planets which move over the stars.
Each constellation is divided into four parts called pada or quarters. The four quarters respectively associated with fire (dharma), earth (artha), air (kama) and water (moksha) element.
Each day is controlled by one nakshatra based on the position of the Moon. So, the completion of 27 nakshatras will complete a month. If we divide the zodiac into 27 equal parts, then each division or arc will be 13° 20’ (or 800’) and is called as Nakshatra, which is often termed as a lunar mansion. When the Moon is transiting in a particular division of 13°20’, it is called as the Nakshatra of that moment. The nakshatras get associated with twelve signs of the zodiac from Aries to Pisces.
The nakshatras not only play a pivotal role in deciding the fate of human being but also influences on mundane matters such as rains, earthquakes, movement of prices, politics etc. In muhurta also, nakshatras are very important in selecting timing for auspicious events. Therefore, one should know the characteristics of stars in order to select the muhurtas.
Related Articles: What is Muhurat
The 27 Nakshatras and other details:
|No||Nakshatra||No. of Stars||Appearance||Lord||Deity||Gana||Yoni|
|1||Ashwini||2||Horse’s Head||Ketu||Ashwini Kumaras||Deva||Horse|
|7||Punarvasu||4||Bow & Quiver of Arrows||Jupiter||Aditi||Deva||Cat|
|8||Pushya||3||Udder of a Cow||Saturn||Brihaspati||Deva||Goat|
|11||Purva Phalguni||2||Swinging Hammock||Venus||Bhaga||Manushya||Mushaka|
|19||Moola||6||Roots tied together||Ketu||Niritti||Rakshasa||Shunaka|
|21||Uttarashada||8||Elephant Tusk||Sun||Vishwadeva||Manushya||Male Mongoose|
|22||Shravana||3||Three footprints||Moon||Vishnu||Deva||Female Monkey|
|25||Purva Bhadra||2||Two faced man||Jupiter||Aja Ekapada||Manushya||Male Lion|
Abhijit Nakshatra – Apart from regular 27 nakshatras, one more nakshatra is used especially in Muhurta. That is Abhijit Nakshatra. It is the last quarter of Uttarashada and first 4 ghatis of Shravana (1/15 portion). So, from 6° 40’ to 10° 53’ 20” of Capricorn (Makara) is the measure of Abhijit Nakshatra.
Classification of Nakshatras
All the 28 Nakshatras (including Abhijit) are grouped into different categories based on their characteristics. The different sets of nakshatra are suitable for different activities.
1, Sthira (Fixed) Nakshatras – Rohini, Uttara Phalguni, Uttarashada, and Uttara Bhadra are fixed in nature. Works of fixed nature can be undertaken in these nakshatras like Coronation, foundation laying, sowing, planting trees, house building, digging a well, agriculture, education, upanayana, starting a service etc. As per Sage Vashishta, all the activities which can be done in Mridu (gentle) nakshatras can also be done.
2, Chara (Moveable) Nakshatras – Punarvasu, Swati, Shravana, Dhanishta, and Shatabhisha are movable in nature. All movable activities like the journey, riding vehicles, horses, elephants, and also acquiring vehicles or any act which involve motion. As per Sage Vashishta, all the activities which can be done in Laghu-Kshipra (light-dynamic) nakshatras can also be done.
3, Mridu-Maitra (Gentle & Friendly) Nakshatras – Mrigasira, Chitra, Anuradha, and Revati are soft nakshatras. These nakshatras are suitable for performing auspicious deeds, learning music, singing, dancing, fine arts, making & wearing new apparel, wearing ornaments, making friends, sexual union etc. Again all acts which can be done in fixed nakshatras can also be done in these nakshatras.
4, Kshipra-Laghu (Dynamic & Light) Nakshatras – Ashwini, Pushya, Hasta, and Abhijit are light constellations. These stars are suitable for Sports & pleasures, construction & starting an industry, selling, starting education, learning & display of arts, administering medicine, travel, sex etc. Also, all acts which can be done in movable nakshatras can also be done.
5, Mishra-Sadharana (Mixed & Ordinary) Nakshatras – Krittika and Vishakha are mixed constellations. They are suitable for preparing medicines, welding, melting, gas works, fabrications, agnihotra and other day to day work.
6, Ugra-Kroora (Aggressive & Cruel) Nakshatras – Bharani, Magha, Purva Phalguni, Purvashada, and Purvabhadra are dreadful constellations and are suitable for surgical operations, works involving the use of fire, poison, killing, deceit, imprisonment, research on poisonous medicines, purchase & use of arms, performing nefarious schemes, obtaining licence of gun etc. And also the acts related to Daruna-Teekshna nakshatras can also be done.
7, Teekshna-Daruna (Ferocious & Bitter) Nakshatra – Ardra, Ashlesha, Jyeshta, Moola are sharp and ferocious in nature and are suitable for aggressive & deadly deeds, to train & control animals, for sadhana, performing Hatha-Yoga, starting tantrik acts, black magic, for imprisonment etc. And also the acts related to Ugra-Kroora nakshatras can also be done.
Also, it has been stated in the classical books that starting from the third quarter of Dhanishta to ending part Revati, this period is classified as Nakshatra Panchaka. These nakshatras are not suitable for any auspicious work, especially journey towards the south, house repair.
Classification of Nakshatras based on the way of facing:
1. Urdhwa Mukha (Upward Facing or Upward Looking) – Rohini, Ardra, Pushya, Uttaraphalguni, Uttarashada, Uttarabhadra, Shravana, Dhanista and Shatabhisha are upward facing constellations. They are suitable for construction of the house, multistoried building, temples, cultivation of plants and any activity which involves facing upwards.
2. Adho Mukha (Downward Facing) – Bharani, Krittika, Ashlesha, Magha, Moola, Purva Phalguni, Poorvashada, and Purvabhadra are downward facing constellations. These nakshatras are suitable for digging for foundation laying, digging wells, ponds, tunnel, basements, underground construction, mining work or any other activity which involve moving downwards.
3. Triang Mukha (Facing Forward) – Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punarvasu, Hasta, Swati, Chitra, Anuradha, Jyeshta, and Revathi are straight looking constellations and suitable for acts which involve looking straight like driving, riding etc.
These nakshatra gandanta occur in fire-water (agni tatwa – jala tatwa) junction points of the zodiac. Starting two ghatis (48 minutes) of Ashwini, Magha & Moola and ending two ghatis of Ashlesha, Jyeshta & Revati are called Nakshatra gandanta points and should be avoided in auspicious elections.
Visha Ghati or Visha Nadi or Tyajyakala
Each nakshatra has its own negative period or poisonous period which has to be avoided in good elections. The negative period will be of four ghatis for each star (1 hour 36 minutes). The negative periods for each constellation is given below.
10th to 14th ghati of Anuradha, Jyeshta and Shravana; 14th to 18th ghati of Mrigashira, Swati, Vishaka and Jyeshta; 16th to 20th ghati of Purvabhadra; 18th to 22nd ghati of Uttara Phalguni and Shtabhisha; 20th to 24th ghati of Pushya, Purva Phalguni, Chitra, Uttarashada; 21st to 25th ghati of Ardra and Hasta; 24th to 28th ghati of Bharani, Purvashada and Uttarabhadra; 30th to 34th ghati of Krittika, Punarvasu, Magha and Revati; 32nd to 36th ghati of Ashlesha; 50th to 5th ghati of Ashwini; and finally 56th to 60th ghati of Moola are called negative periods or Visha ghatis.
If we convert ghatis and express in terms of longitudes of the Moon, the poisonous period for each nakshatra are given below.
|Ashwini||Aries||50th to 54th ghati||11° 6′ 40″ to 12°|
|Bharani||Aries||24th to 28th||18° 40′ to 19° 33′ 20″|
|Kritika||Taurus||30th to 34th||3° 20′ to 4° 13′ 20″|
|Rohini||Taurus||40th to 44th||18° 53′ 20″ to 19° 46′ 40″|
|Mrigasira||Taurus||14th to 18th||26° 26′ 40″ to 27° 20′|
|Ardra||Gemini||21st to 25th||11° 20′ to 12° 13′ 20″|
|Punarvasu||Gemini||30th to 34th||26° 40′ to 27° 33′ 20″|
|Pushya||Cancer||20th to 24th||7° 46′ 40″ to 8° 40′|
|Ashlesha||Cancer||32nd to 36th||23° 46′ 40″ to 24° 40′|
|Magha||Leo||30th to 34th||6° 40′ to 7° 33′ 20″|
|Purva Phalguni||Leo||20th to 24th||17° 46′ 40″ to 18° 40′|
|Uttara Phalguni||Virgo||18th to 22nd||0° 40′ to 1° 33′ 20″|
|Hasta||Virgo||21st to 25th||14° 40′ to 15° 33′ 20″|
|Chitra||Virgo||20th to 24th||27° 46′ 40″ to 28° 40′|
|Swati||Libra||14th to 18th||9° 46′ 40″ to 10° 40′|
|Vishakha||Libra||14th to 18th||23° 6′ 40″ to 24°|
|Anuradha||Scorpio||10th to 14th||5° 33′ 20″ to 6° 26′ 40″|
|Jyestha||Scorpio||14th to 18th||19° 46′ 40″ to 20° 40′|
|Moola||Sagittarius||56th to 60th||12° 26′ 40″ to 13° 20′|
|Poorvashada||Sagittarius||24th to 28th||18° 40′ to 19° 33′ 20″|
|Uttarashada||Capricorn||20th to 24th||1° 6′ 40″ to 2°|
|Shravana||Capricorn||10th to 14th||12° 13′ 20″ to 13° 6′ 40″|
|Dhanishta||Capricorn||10th to 14th||25° 33′ 20″ to 26° 26′ 40″|
|Shatabhisha||Aquarius||18th to 22nd||10° 40′ to 11° 33′ 20″|
|Purva Bhadrapad||Aquarius||16th to 20th||23° 33′ 20″ to 24° 26′ 40″|
|Uttara Bhadrapad||Pisces||24th to 28th||8° 40′ to 9° 33′ 20″|
|Revati||Pisces||30th to 34th||23° 20″ to 24° 13′ 20″|